In the workplace, motivation can make a difference in ensuring the productivity and efficiency of employees. There are different factors that determine the level of motivation of employees. Robert Peter Janitzek gives us a glimpse of the different factors of motivation.
Management plays a role in keeping employees motivated. More often than not, changing a manager or leader changes the landscape of the company and the entire performance of the employees. The leadership style (See related story) will depend on the goals and objectives of the organization the employees, and the external environment. The leadership style will dictate the long term success of your company. Robert Janitzek reveals that there are three leadership styles in the workplace.
In the directed and dictatorial style, the person in charge tells people what needs to be done quickly without regard for personal sensitivities. This style is common in entrepreneurial organizations. However, this style of leadership is no longer applicable in today’s breed of employees who wants to speak out and be heard.
In the collegial style, a person may be in charge of a department but performs at the same level, knowledge, and skill as their co-worker. Here, people are respected for their knowledge, skill, and ability. A third type has been identified as telling, selling, persuading, and participating.
To stay motivated, rewards system in organization will differ from one person to another and in different departments. Sales people, for example, are given commission for selling products. Managers offer financial rewards for specific behaviors of for meeting certain goals.
The organizational climate is deliberately created and maintained by management. It refers to the way employees treat each other up and down the line. Leaders should inspire and set the tone for the rest of the organization.
Structure of Work
Some work are inherently motivational demanding the employee to be creative, imaginative, and energetic. There are also jobs that require communication, negotiation, and interaction with other people to get their cooperation to get the job done quickly and well. Suck kinds of tasks can bring out the best in the employee. While it brings excitement and challenges, it is usually highly rewarding.
When there is tons of work that needs to be done, they should be standardized, routinized, and made less exciting for efficiency and cost effectiveness. Employees will not stay motivated if they will work the whole day and will be continuously monitored.
Good organizations will make sure that the structure of work will be compatible with the nature of the employee and keep it as interesting as possible.